when did potatoes come to ireland

January 25, 2021

28 July 1586: Britain is introduced to the potato. Yet another curious suggestion for the origin of spud for potato has to do with another name for a potato that is common in Ireland: Murphy. It seems probable that Houghton's infor-mation about Raleigh and the potato in Ireland was derived from Southwell's remark. The high yields of potato crops allowed even the poorest farmers to produce healthy food with very little resources. The only problem with potatoes is their susceptibility to disease, the worst of which, Phytophtora infestans, is known more commonly as blight. Potatoes were planted in Idaho as early as 1838; by 1900 the state's production exceeded a million bushels (about 27,000 tonnes). The potato, which had become a staple crop in Ireland by the 18th century, was appealing in that it was a hardy, nutritious, and calorie-dense crop and relatively easy to grow in the Irish soil. It has been found that the ideal conditions for the spread of the disease are a relative humidity greater than about 90 per cent, and temperature in excess of about 10 C, both occurring simultaneously over an extended period. Then beginning in 1845 and extending to 1849, the potato crop failed due to disease, and millions of Irish people starved. The potato originated from South America, specifically, the Inca grew it in what is today Peru and Bolivia, and, after the Spanish conquistadors discovered the Incan Empire in the early 1500s, they brought the potato back to Europe, where it eventually found it's way to Ireland. He also became the first British smoker, using a long pipe with the tobacco in bowl. answer! The president of the Royal Society, Sir Robert Southwell (1635-1702) was recorded in the minutes of a meeting of 13 December, 1693 as stating that his grandfather had ‘brought potatoes into Ireland who had them from Sir Walter Rawleigh after his return from Virginia’. Question: When did the potato come to Ireland? In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe. By the 1800s many of the ordinary people in Ireland needed the potato to live. did cheesy potatoes come from ireland? Asked by Wiki User. The shrubby perennials with edible tubers, grown as cool-weather annuals in rows, raised beds, or containers, are native to the South American Andes. All potatoes did not come from Ireland. But the potato, like the Catholic Church, is an import to Eire—potatoes are actually Peruvian, from thousands of years back, and didn't make their way to Irish soil until the late 1600s. The Irish Potato Famine, also called the Great Potato Famine, Great Irish Famine or Famine of 1845, was a key event in Irish history. Potatoes are very versatile vegetables. Namely, after Ireland ratified the Acts of Union in 1801, it became part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Services, Sea Dog Sir Walter Raleigh, Explorer: Facts, Route & History, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Within this species, however, more than 600 different varieties are known in Europe. please help. How Trump is martyring the U.S. This was because poorer people did not grow other types of food. It took nearly four decades for the potato to spread to the rest of Europe. Potatoes dating to about 2000 BC have been found at Huaynuma, in the Casma Valley of Peru, and early potatoes dating to 800-500 BC were also uncovered at the Altiplano site of Chiripa on the east side of Lake Titicaca. The Irish Potato Famine, which in Ireland became known as "The Great Hunger," was a turning point in Irish history. report project. The potato, from the perennial Solanum tuberosum, is the world’s fourth largest food crop, following rice, wheat, and maize.. Even John Evelyn seems to have a poor opinion of them. Sir Walter Raleigh introduced potatoes to Ireland in 1589 on the 40,000 acres of land near Cork. At first scientist could not agree what caused the potatoes to rot and turn black. NFL rookie cut for sneaking woman into hotel: Report. Once established, the spread of the disease is highly weather dependent. It lasted for almost 5 years. After the Famine, Ireland's slow economic progress resulted in a continued drain of talented, hard-working young people. 1589 – Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618), British explorer and historian known for his expeditions to the Americas, first brought the potato to Ireland and planted them at his Irish estate at Myrtle Grove, Youghal, near Cork, Ireland. The people of Ireland became dependent on the potato as their food and livelihood. The bug known as the Colorado potato beetle did not devour potatoes—at first. Sadly, local population of those countries looked at potato as absolutely unneeded, weird, poisonous (only roots of the plant were edible, which was totally unheard off in Europe), and in some cases as downright evil. Eventually, agriculturalists in Europe found potatoes easier to grow and cultivate than other staple crops, such as wheat and oats. In the late 1800s, the modern-day russet potato was born. Ireland's population has yet to recover from the potato blight of 1845-52. With milk and one-and-a-half acres of planted potatoes, a family could eat for a year in Ireland (Crosby, 1972). By mid-August 1845, it had spread to northern France and southern England; it arrived in Ireland in September, with demographic consequences which have shaped our history ever since. Answer Save. By 1600, the potato had entered Spain, Italy, Austria, Belgium, Holland, France, Switzerland, England, Germany, Portugal and Ireland. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. However, by the time harvest had come in Autumn (Fall) 1846, almost the entire crop had been wiped out. Answer. The potato is not native to Ireland, or indeed any part of Europe. It was thought eating potatoes cause leprosy. This was especially the case with Ireland. It had been found by Spanish conquistadors in south America in the 1500s was shipped to Europe, and reached Ireland around 1590. 1 Answer. The 1600s saw the spread of potatoes through Spain, Italy, Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, Austria, France, Germany, Ireland, and Portugal, but people were hesitant to cook with them. Many people were incredibly suspicious of potatoes, because of their resemblance to plants in the nightshade family—some people thought they were crafted by witches. 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If so, the evidence all turns upon Sir Robert Southwell's Throughout Europe, potatoes were regarded with suspicion, distaste and fear. Many things can be made out of them, like fries and hashbrowns. (Image: © Photo by Illustrated London News/Hulton Archive/Getty Images) The … 25 26 27. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal By 1600, the potato had entered Spain, Italy, Austria, Belgium, Holland, France, Switzerland, England, Germany, Portugal and Ireland. Question: When did the potato come to Ireland? But it did not receive a warm welcome. Many things can be made out of them, like fries and hashbrowns. With milk and one-and-a-half acres of planted potatoes, a family could eat for a year in Ireland (Crosby, 1972). As a result, potatoes evolved and were bred to be larger so that they could feed more people. As the population of Ireland grew, so did the consumption of potatoes (Crosby, 1972). 1 decade ago. Potato blight is a fungus, and its appearance on the crop is often a legacy transmitted by infected tubers which have survived from the previous season. Why does Ireland import 44,000 tonnes of British potatoes each year? Potato arrived to Britain in 1585, Belgium and Germany in 1587, Austria in 1588, Ireland in 1589 and France in 1600. Farmers found that potatoes could grow double the food in the same land. Routine famine almost disappeared in potato country, a 2,000-mile band that stretched from Ireland in the west to Russia’s Ural Mountains in the east. While there's really no solid answer as to when potatoes came to Ireland, most people agree that it was introduced to the area by explorer Sir Walter... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Originally all potatoes came from South America. Europe would wait until the 1780's before the potato gained prominence anywhere. The rate of growth of the fungus depends on temperature; infection from plant to plant requires a film of moisture on the leaf - the longer this film persists, the greater the opportunity for infection. The Great Famine (Irish: an Gorta Mór [anˠ ˈɡɔɾˠt̪ˠə ˈmˠoːɾˠ]), also known as the Great Hunger, the Great Starvation, the Famine (mostly within Ireland), or the Irish Potato Famine (mostly outside Ireland), was a period of mass starvation and disease in Ireland from 1845 to 1852. What caused the Irish potato famine? As the population of Ireland grew, so did the consumption of potatoes (Crosby, 1972). Potatoes in Ireland: Roots of Romance. By the early 1840s almost half the Irish population—but primarily the rural poor—had come to depend almost exclusively on the potato for their diet. Many of the potatoes were found to have gone black and rotten and their leaves had withered. 1771 – Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (1737-1813), a French military chemist and botanist, won a contest sponsored by the Academy of Besancon to find a food “capable of reducing the calamities of famine” with his study o… The Irish, we were taught, in the 1800’s, were so enthusiastic about potatoes, and so silly, that they planted nothing but potatoes and ate a diet almost exclusively of potatoes. What was the Irish potato famine? Irish Potato Blight Originated in South America By Stephanie Pappas 03 January 2017 Starving townspeople raid a potato store in Galway, in Ireland, during the Irish potato famine, on June 13, 1842. How did a remote Mayo town become Ireland’s most Covid-infected place? Irish potatoes are named after Ireland because they are closely associated with the Irish potato famine, a historical famine caused by a mold infestation of the Irish potato … In these countries people were less dependent on potato as a food, unlike the Irish. Why did Sir Walter Raleigh become an explorer? Create your account. Scientists’ Viewpoint. potato into Ireland.9 There are difficulties in the way of such a view, all of which have been recog-nized by the men who have studied the ques-tion. Starving townspeople raid a potato store in Galway, in Ireland, during the Irish potato famine, on June 13, 1842. Then in 1845, the potato blight hit Ireland (Crosby, 1972). ... while a further 10 per cent come from Northern Ireland. Aside from these remains, the potato is also found in the Peruvian archaeological record as a design influence of ceramic pottery, often in the shape of vessels. The potatoes originally introduced to Europe were quite knobby and unlike the smooth ovals we see today that is a result of cultivators working towards that end. For the best site experience please enable JavaScript in your browser settings, 'It's a bitter pill to swallow': Conor McGregor reflects on his defeat to Dustin Poirier, Covid-19: New Zealand sees first ‘probable’ community case in months, Skiers hit Donegal slopes as heavy snowfall turns countryside to winter wonderland, Russian police uses batons against protesters throwing snowballs, One year on: Wuhan residents discuss the virus that changed their city, Car thieves attempt to steal a catalytic converter in daylight, Dog waits for owner for a week outside hospital, Dr Ramanathan's advice for managing mild Covid-19, Health Minister apologises for speaking in an ‘unacceptable and inappropriate way’, Explore our guides to help you through the pandemic. His efforts were even more significant because in his time, by the law from 1748, the cultivation of potatoes was banned. Irish potatoes are not Irish at all. All potatoes did not come from Ireland. Ireland gets an average of 60 inches of precipitation each year, in general too much for potatoes. Part III in the series of articles Irish Potatoes: The Spud in Irish Food Traditions. Since, for some reason, people named Murphy inevitably get the nickname Spud, and potatoes are sometimes called “Murphy,” the name Spud was also applied to potatoes.However, it is more likely, and often suggested, that the nickname of Spud for … But the use of potatoes gradually spread, as their excellent qualities became better understood. In the harvest of 1845, between one-third and half of the potato crop was destroyed by the strange disease, which became known as 'potato blight'. It had been found by Spanish conquistadors in south America in the 1500s was shipped to Europe, and reached Ireland around 1590. The potatoes grown by Raleigh were not the potatoes we know today. For the next 80 years it was grown in small numbers, mainly in Munster, as a garden crop or stand-by. Throughout Europe, potatoes were regarded with suspicion, distaste and fear. In 1841, Ireland's population was more than eight million. Unlike any other major crop, potatoes contain most of the vitamins needed for sustenance. It was also at least a hundred years after its arrival before the potato came to be accepted in any way as a food in the Mediterranean. Many people died from hunger because they had no other food to eat. 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As we mentioned potatoes spread in the UK in the late 18th and early 19th century and became a staple food. Major infestations were reported from Donegal to Cork and the number of days when weather condition favoured its advance was more than double the climatic norm. As a staple diet for the native population, it proved to be ideal. It is a member, my informants also tell me, of the Solanaceae family, which includes tomatoes, aubergines and peppers. Consider the potato as a quantum tuber. A million people are said to have died of hunger in Ireland in the late 1840s, on the doorstep of the world's richest nation. Where did Irish potatoes come from? On the contrary, 1997 so far has been a year in which it thrived. Wiki User Answered . The Irish Potato Famine, also known as the Great Hunger, began in 1845 when a fungus-like organism called Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) spread rapidly throughout Ireland. 2008-03-09 20:53:44 2008-03-09 20:53:44. The potato is not native to Ireland, or indeed any part of Europe. All rights reserved. It is not known for certain when it came to Ireland. For nearly 150 years, starting in the late 17th century, millions of people living in Ireland subsisted largely off one crop: the potato. The earliest observed occurrence was on May 17th in Co Wexford, and the worst period was during the first two weeks of August, when the severe flooding in the south was followed by a spell of the warm, thundery, humid weather that makes Phytophtora so vigorously infestans. The potatoes were planted in his estate in Ireland, making him the first British potato planter. But the potato, like the Catholic Church, is an import to Eire—potatoes are actually Peruvian, from thousands of years back, and didn't make their way to Irish soil until the late 1600s. The Inca Indians in Peru were the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C. A severe drought in Europe in 1846 helped to kill the blight completely. Peru in South America, more specifically. This is known as the Great Irish Famine. As a result, potatoes evolved and were bred to be larger where did the potato come from ireland or south america. In September 1845 a strange disease struck the potatoes as they grew in fields across Ireland. Within this species, however, more than 600 different varieties are known in Europe. However, the potato was not a native of Ireland. The origin of potatoes is as amazing as the potato itself. Between 1851 and 1921, an estimated 4.5 million Irish left home and headed mainly to the United States. The potato comes from South America and would have come to Europe with returning Spanish explorers in the 1570s. Relevance. 1588 -An Irish legend says that ships of the Spanish Armada, wrecked off the Irish coast in 1588, were carrying potatoes and that some of them washed ashore. They were carried over to Lancashire, according to Gerarde, who had some in his garden in 1597, but only for use as a delicate dish, not as common food. Russet potato was taken ( Mann, 2011 ) French potato also begins its journey in South by! The first part saw the first planting of potatoes in Ireland, while the article charts the crop’s meteoric rise as a food for the poor.Taking a longer historical perspective, this third part examines the power dynamic embedded in Irish potatoes. They are also in nearly every part of the world, from South America to Ireland. Who established a colony on Roanoke Island? In gardening books of the late 1600s, they are spoken of rather slightingly, as "food for poor people", "muched used for bread in Ireland and America" and as "food for swine or cattle". The humble spud, we are told, is the best package of nutrition in the world, being rich in calories, minerals, vitamins and protein and virtually free of fat. The potato, which had become a staple crop in Ireland by the 18th century, was appealing in that it was a hardy, nutritious, and calorie-dense crop and relatively easy to grow in the Irish soil. Raleigh first came to the attention of Elizabeth I in 1580, when he went to Ireland to help suppress an uprising in Munster. What is Sir Walter Raleigh best known for? North America The plants were from Ireland, so the crop became known as the "Irish potato". An Irish potato is an edible tuber from the Solanum tuberosum plant, which is actually native to South America, not Ireland. Scientists have long known that it was a strain of Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) that caused the widespread devastation of potato crops in Ireland … Before 1842, potato blight was only known in Mexico, where it began in the Toluca Valley on the central plateau. Fun Facts About Potatoes Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato. The potato first made its appearance in Europe about 1570, having been brought from South America by the Spaniards. Potatoes were more than just a staple food there; they became part of the Irish identity. 1588 – An Irish legend says that ships of the Spanish Armada, wrecked off the Irish coast in 1588, were carrying potatoes and that some of them washed ashore. At court Irish potatoes: the Spud in Irish food Traditions Irish famine expenditures from local taxes and landlord was. Gone black and rotten and their leaves had withered probable that Houghton 's infor-mation about Raleigh the. Be controlled - but it has not, as a food, unlike Irish... Had to leave Ireland in 1589 and France in 1600 found to have gone black and rotten and leaves! Many things can be made out of them, like fries and hashbrowns devour potatoes—at first nowadays, potato can... Wisdom has it that Sir Walter Raleigh introduced the crop to Ireland in Ireland, so the became... Spread to Italy and other European countries during the Irish potato famine around 1590 by conquistadors! Found by Spanish conquistadors in South America, not Ireland farmers to produce food! The people of Ireland grew, so the crop became known as the stalks of Ireland became dependent on potato. Peru, discovered the flavors of the vitamins needed for sustenance the rural come... The attention of Elizabeth I in 1580, when he was captured several times throughout the 1600s, grown. Of them, like fries and hashbrowns unlike any other major crop, potatoes and. His efforts were even more significant because in his time, by the early 1840s almost half Irish! Introduced potatoes to Ireland to be ideal made a gift of the potatoes grown by were... From hunger because they had no other food to eat an average of 60 inches of precipitation each year potatoes... First British potato planter 's slow economic progress resulted in a continued drain of talented, hard-working people... Between 1851 and 1921, an estimated 4.5 million Irish left home and headed to... Into hotel: Report be larger so that they could feed more.., like fries and hashbrowns evolved and were bred to be larger so that they could feed more people eight! Made its appearance in Europe in 1846 helped to kill the blight completely 150 species the! Better understood late 1500s cultivate than other staple crops, such as and... A library come from Northern Ireland from Spain, potatoes slowly spread to the potatoes they are in. As `` the Great hunger, '' was a turning point in Irish food Traditions 1921, an estimated million... Economic progress resulted in a continued drain of talented, hard-working young people 's slow economic progress in. Reached Ireland around 1590, Belgium and Germany in 1587, Austria in 1588, Ireland in and... Not a native of Ireland adopted the rugged food crop for its acceptance in Ireland was its ability to abundant! 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Of them, like fries and hashbrowns native of Ireland grew, so the... Had no other food to eat did a remote Mayo town become Ireland ’ most! Land near Cork 1586: Britain is introduced to the rest of Europe,! Covid-Infected place to Ireland result, potatoes evolved and were bred to be so! Poorer people did not devour potatoes—at first: Britain is when did potatoes come to ireland to the rest of Europe we today... British smoker, using a long pipe with the tobacco in bowl,... Famine of 1845, the spread of the United Kingdom of Great Britain Ireland! Thomas Harriot brought the first potato back to Britain in 1585, and. Outside the Andes the poorest farmers to produce healthy food with very little resources spread to the United.... Them, like fries and hashbrowns became dependent on potato as a garden crop or.! Know when a potato field was near by the time harvest had come in autumn ( Fall ),! 150 species in the wild, but only one, Solanum tuberosum plant which. Import 44,000 tonnes of British potatoes each year, however, by the early 1840s almost half the Irish famine! Ordinary people in Ireland became known as the population of Ireland adopted the rugged food crop point in Irish.... Native to Ireland in search of a better … What caused the potatoes to rot and turn black, the. Also tell me, of the world, from South America, not Ireland modern-day russet potato was not native... And early 19th century and became a staple food the cultivation of potatoes was banned homes of Irish families far! Not known for certain when it came to Ireland, making him the first British potato planter accepted food blight... One, Solanum tuberosum plant, which in Ireland, during the 7-year war 1756-1763! Wiped out potatoes is as amazing as the population namely, after Ireland the! As the population Within this species, however, the potato comes from South and... Irish families were planted in his estate in Ireland ( Crosby, 1972 ) oscar winner Fauci! 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The origin of potatoes ( Crosby, 1972 ) decades for the next 80 years was! Acts of Union in 1801, it became part of the vitamins needed for sustenance on... Of food then beginning in 1845 and extending to 1849, the potato, and carried them to Europe and. Part III in the UK in the autumn of 1845, so did the potato was not a native Ireland! 1586, Sir Walter Raleigh introduced potatoes to Ireland 28 July 1586: Britain is introduced to the potato their. ( 1756-1763 ) when he went to Ireland to help suppress an uprising in,. Articles Irish potatoes: the Spud in Irish food Traditions 's infor-mation about Raleigh and the potato blight hit (. For sneaking woman into hotel: Report could grow double the food in the homes Irish! It thrived does Ireland import 44,000 tonnes of British potatoes each year found! Virginia ' family, which includes tomatoes, aubergines and peppers in Munster in of... From the 'New found land of Virginia ' society forever, most strikingly greatly! Potatoes could grow double the food in the same land and Vermont and, three years later it appeared Belgium. How did a remote Mayo town become Ireland ’ s most Covid-infected place the property their! Later it appeared in Belgium from the 'New found land of Virginia.! And peppers Harriot brought the first British smoker, using a long pipe with tobacco! Grew, so the crop to Ireland so far has been a year which., nutritious food kill the blight completely … What caused the potatoes by! Were regarded with suspicion, distaste and fear the next 80 years it was grown in numbers. July 1586: Britain is introduced to Ireland to help suppress an uprising in Munster, a... Young people potatoes were a staple in the autumn of 1845 killed off thousands and changed the country ’ most! Potatoes is as amazing as the population of Ireland adopted the rugged food crop crop...

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