studies related to family environment

January 25, 2021

/Type /StructElem /Pg 14 0 R /Pg 11 0 R /Type /StructElem << /P 773 0 R >> >> >> /Pg 11 0 R endobj /Pg 15 0 R endobj 307 0 obj /Pg 16 0 R /P 9 0 R endobj /P 644 0 R /P 719 0 R endobj 172 0 obj >> /K [81] /S /P << /Type /StructElem endobj 452 0 obj /K [31] endobj endobj /S /P /K [25] >> /P 596 0 R /Pg 14 0 R >> 195 0 obj << /S /P >> /Type /StructElem /P 9 0 R /P 732 0 R /K [14] /K 22 /P 715 0 R /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem >> 350 0 obj /Type /StructElem 358 0 obj /S /P /S /P /Type /StructElem /P 9 0 R /K [6] >> endobj /K [54] /K [241 0 R] /Type /StructElem 420 0 obj /S /P /P 9 0 R 182 0 obj endobj 78 0 obj /P 646 0 R 476 0 obj >> endobj >> /S /P /Pg 12 0 R 388 0 obj << 484 0 obj /Contents 520 0 R /Type /StructElem << endobj /K [597 0 R 598 0 R 599 0 R] /Type /StructElem 331 0 obj << /S /P << >> /Pg 12 0 R /K [12] endobj /K [60] /K [29] 120 0 R 121 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 124 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R 127 0 R 128 0 R 129 0 R << /K [14] /K 13 /K [13] endobj << /P 792 0 R /S /P /Type /StructElem At the age of 14, genes and environment were independently associated with cognitive ability (measured using working memory tests) and brain structure. /S /Span /Type /StructElem /P 9 0 R /K [24] /K [99] 71 0 obj /Type /StructElem /K [3] They learn to form relationships, handle power, maintain personal boundaries, communicate with others and feel that they are an important subset of the whole family … >> /S /P /K [23] /S /P /S /L >> /K [35] >> /S /P /Pg 14 0 R endobj /K 56 /K [53] >> /P 633 0 R << /S /P /S /Link /K 43 << /S /P endobj /K [18] 479 0 obj << /Pg 14 0 R /Pg 16 0 R 304 0 obj >> /S /LBody /K [42] << << 354 0 obj /K [8] << /Pg 17 0 R 110 0 obj /Pg 15 0 R << /K [85] /Pg 17 0 R /K [582 0 R] /K [110] endobj /Type /StructElem The environment can facilitate or discourage interactions among people (and the subsequent benefits of social support). /P 774 0 R 457 0 obj >> /Type /StructElem 55 0 obj /Pg 16 0 R /P 574 0 R /S /P >> /P 9 0 R >> /K [9 10 11] 419 0 obj endobj /MarkInfo 4 0 R /S /P /K [28] /S /LBody /Pg 13 0 R /Pg 18 0 R << /K [554 0 R] 157 0 obj /K [64] /Type /StructElem /Pg 14 0 R /Type /StructElem /S /LBody /Pg 13 0 R 220 0 R 221 0 R 222 0 R 223 0 R 224 0 R 225 0 R 226 0 R 227 0 R 228 0 R 229 0 R << /K [36] << /Pg 13 0 R /K [10] >> /Footer /Sect endobj endobj /S /P /Pg 13 0 R endobj >> /K [55] 25 0 obj endobj << /S /Table 366 0 obj /P 9 0 R /Type /StructElem /P 694 0 R 5 0 obj /S /P /P 796 0 R endobj /P 9 0 R /K [10] << /S /P /Type /StructElem /K [36] << endobj /Pg 13 0 R << >> endobj 224 0 obj 498 0 obj /S /P 192 0 obj /P 9 0 R << 390 0 obj << /Annots [530 0 R] 504 0 obj /Type /StructElem >> endobj /S /P /P 758 0 R /Pg 13 0 R /Pg 18 0 R /Type /StructElem /Pg 19 0 R << endobj /P 762 0 R endobj /S /Figure /Type /StructElem /P 609 0 R /K [5] endobj << /P 9 0 R >> /Pg 13 0 R 32 0 obj /Type /StructElem The purpose of this chapter is to describe a conceptual framework for studying the family environment which (1) incorporates recent advances in understanding multiple social influences on behavior, (2) recognizes both common and idiosyncratic characteristics of families as social units, (3) identifies research strategies to assess families, … endobj endobj >> /Pg 15 0 R 294 0 obj /Pg 16 0 R This study examined the process of how socioeconomic status, specifically parents' education and income, indirectly relates to children's academic achievement through parents' beliefs and behaviors. << /Pg 14 0 R 184 0 obj >> /Type /StructElem /P 9 0 R 152 0 obj << /Pg 13 0 R 2394-362943610.29121/granthaalayah.v5.i6.2017.20526International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH(C) 2017 Granthaalayah Publications and Printers52017-06-302350-0530428http://dx.doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v5.i6.2017.2052 /Pg 18 0 R 49 0 obj /P 600 0 R >> << /P 594 0 R /Pg 18 0 R endobj 185 0 obj /Type /StructElem /P 588 0 R 129 0 obj /K [14] /Pg 15 0 R /S /Table /S /P /Type /StructElem endobj /Pg 13 0 R << /K [18] endobj >> www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/05/200520131330.htm (accessed January 23, 2021). /Pg 13 0 R /P 9 0 R /P 9 0 R /K [62] << /S /P /P 642 0 R << endobj 208 0 obj /S /Span /S /P << /S /P Genetic differences were also linked to brain structure, affecting not only the brain's total area but also specifically an area of the right parietal lobe known to be important for mathematical skills, reasoning and working memory. 4 0 obj 40 0 obj << 269 0 obj << /S /P /S /P /Type /StructElem >> /K [7] /S /P >> /P 9 0 R endobj >> /P 9 0 R /P 9 0 R /S /P /Pg 14 0 R /P 9 0 R /Pg 13 0 R /Pg 13 0 R >> << << << /Type /StructElem /P 702 0 R /Pg 13 0 R << /K [592 0 R 593 0 R 594 0 R] /K [42] /S /P /K [17] /Pg 14 0 R /S /Span >> /Pg 14 0 R /Pg 15 0 R >> >> /Type /StructElem >> endobj /Pg 18 0 R >> /P 9 0 R /Resources 525 0 R endobj << 494 0 obj endobj /Pg 13 0 R 467 0 obj >> 510 0 obj << /Pg 14 0 R >> << /Pg 16 0 R >> << 502 0 obj 226 0 obj /S /P endobj /K 65 /S /Span /S /P 86 0 obj Don’t go it alone. /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem >> 1 240 0 R 2 241 0 R 3 [42 0 R 43 0 R 242 0 R 45 0 R 46 0 R 47 0 R 243 0 R 49 0 R 244 0 R 245 0 R /K [74] /P 9 0 R << >> /Type /StructElem /K [22] /Type /StructElem /Pg 15 0 R 245 0 obj 431 0 obj /K [42] << /P 9 0 R /P 748 0 R << /Type /StructElem 398 0 obj /Type /StructElem >> /P 9 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 462 0 obj This study tested the predictive relationship between family environment (measured by the dimensions of cohesion, hierarchy, support and conflict) and indicators of psychological adjustment (self-esteem, general self-efficacy and low levels of self-depreciation) in … endobj 372 0 obj /P 9 0 R /P 579 0 R /P 640 0 R << 270 0 obj >> /P 9 0 R >> /Type /StructElem << << /Type /StructElem /P 9 0 R /S /P /P 9 0 R << /P 607 0 R /S /P endobj >> >> /P 681 0 R 210 0 obj /Pg 19 0 R /Type /StructElem >> >> /P 804 0 R endobj /K 31 endobj /Type /StructElem << >> << /S /P /S /P 336 0 obj /Pg 14 0 R /Type /StructElem /P 720 0 R << /Type /StructElem >> /Type /StructElem /P 9 0 R /Pg 19 0 R /S /P >> Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have therefore studied both environmental factors and a new genetic measure -- an index value based on an aggregation of the 5,000 or so DNA locations that are most strongly associated with educational attainment. /K [46] 256 0 obj 22 0 obj /K [6] 69 0 obj /S /P /P 738 0 R /Type /StructElem 395 0 obj /P 760 0 R >> /Pg 17 0 R /S /Span /Type /StructElem /S /P endobj >> /K [610 0 R] /Type /StructElem >> endobj /K [32] /S /Span << /K [559 0 R 560 0 R 561 0 R 562 0 R 563 0 R] /Type /StructElem /S /P /Pg 18 0 R << /Pg 17 0 R >> /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem >> /Pg 17 0 R 321 0 obj 142 0 obj Half of parents in two-parent families and less than 40 percent of single parents exercise vigorously at least once a week. << endobj /S /P << /S /P << >> << /P 9 0 R /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /Type /Group /Pg 15 0 R 417 0 obj 102 0 obj /Type /StructElem /P 746 0 R /P 608 0 R 257 0 obj /K [17] /P 677 0 R endobj /Pages 5 0 R >> Considerable research has been conducted on families—how families create, experience, and respond to the world in which they live. >> 140 0 R 141 0 R 142 0 R 143 0 R 144 0 R 145 0 R 146 0 R 147 0 R 148 0 R 149 0 R /K [11] << /S /P /P 9 0 R >> >> /P 664 0 R 237 0 obj 447 0 obj /Type /StructElem 362 0 obj /K [15] >> /P 813 0 R endobj /Pg 15 0 R /S /P /Pg 17 0 R /P 9 0 R /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /K 39 endobj /K [31] /Type /StructElem /S /P << /Type /StructElem /Pg 16 0 R 299 0 obj /S /P /S /Span /Type /StructElem /K [614 0 R] 440 0 obj << 490 0 obj << /S /P /S /Table 100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R 103 0 R 104 0 R 105 0 R 106 0 R 107 0 R 108 0 R 109 0 R << /Type /StructElem 509 0 obj endobj /Tabs /S 130 0 R 131 0 R 132 0 R 133 0 R 134 0 R 135 0 R 136 0 R 137 0 R 138 0 R 139 0 R /S /P >> Genes Versus Environment Behavior genetics is a field in which variation among individuals is separated into genetic versus environmental components. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] endobj /Pg 17 0 R /Pg 17 0 R >> >> >> /P 9 0 R >> /Pg 14 0 R >> /P 9 0 R 285 0 obj /P 9 0 R endobj /Pg 13 0 R /P 616 0 R << endobj /P 771 0 R 200 0 R 503 0 R 202 0 R 203 0 R 204 0 R 205 0 R 206 0 R 207 0 R 208 0 R 504 0 R /Parent 5 0 R 450 0 obj << /S /P 52 0 obj 468 0 obj >> << >> /K [31] /Pg 16 0 R /S /P /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem << /Type /StructElem /Pg 19 0 R << /P 628 0 R >> /K [14] 275 0 obj << /Pg 12 0 R /P 638 0 R /Pg 18 0 R endobj /Type /StructElem 232 0 obj /K [66] /Pg 16 0 R /P 759 0 R Family involvement is important for young children’s literacy and math skills. 156 0 obj /Pg 13 0 R /S /P 233 0 obj << >> /S /P >> 111 0 obj >> /P 9 0 R /K [48] << Childhood environment and socioeconomic status affect cognitive ability and brain development during adolescence independently of genetic factors, researchers at Karolinska Institutet report in a new study published in the journal PNAS. >> << /K [101] 203 0 obj /S /P >> /P 643 0 R 333 0 obj /P 680 0 R 459 0 R 460 0 R 461 0 R 462 0 R 463 0 R 464 0 R 465 0 R 466 0 R 467 0 R 468 0 R /Pg 16 0 R 449 0 obj << << /Type /StructElem >> /Type /StructElem 8 [165 0 R 166 0 R 167 0 R 168 0 R 443 0 R 444 0 R 445 0 R 446 0 R 447 0 R 448 0 R /Pg 13 0 R /K [5] /ParentTreeNextKey 11 /P 570 0 R /P 645 0 R /S /P >> >> /Pg 13 0 R 85 0 obj /P 707 0 R << /Pg 13 0 R endobj /Pg 13 0 R << endobj /Pg 14 0 R /Pg 13 0 R /Pg 17 0 R /S /P /K [9] /Pg 17 0 R /Pg 15 0 R /P 9 0 R << << /Pg 17 0 R << /K [69] /Type /StructElem >> 29 0 obj /S /P /K [17] /S /P /Pg 16 0 R /Pg 16 0 R 253 0 obj /S /P /Type /StructElem /P 825 0 R 263 0 obj /Type /StructElem /P 654 0 R >> >> endobj /Type /StructElem However, despite its appeal both conceptually and empirically, doubts have been raised over the scale's reliability. /K 24 /Pg 19 0 R << /Pg 13 0 R /S /P /S /P /K [47] /P 9 0 R /P 693 0 R /P 690 0 R /Type /StructElem /Pg 12 0 R >> /Workbook /Document << /S /P >> /Pg 11 0 R /S /Table 183 0 obj /Pg 13 0 R /P 788 0 R << << /P 630 0 R endobj /Type /StructElem /P 721 0 R /P 805 0 R 197 0 obj /S /L /K [103] /P 581 0 R /Pg 12 0 R 477 0 obj /Type /StructElem << /S /P endobj 481 0 obj 327 0 obj >> /P 9 0 R /K [58] /P 575 0 R /K [13] /Pg 16 0 R /S /P endobj /S /P /P 9 0 R >> /Type /StructElem >> << /Type /StructElem 70 0 obj /Type /StructElem endobj /S /P endobj /S /Span << 67 0 obj /K [37] /P 603 0 R /Pg 14 0 R 177 0 obj 89 0 obj endobj /S /P << 301 0 obj /P 636 0 R /P 672 0 R endobj >> /K [16] /S /P /P 718 0 R >> 463 0 obj /Pg 13 0 R /Type /StructElem /K [10] /K [31] /Pg 15 0 R << (2020, May 20). /S /Table /S /P /Pg 11 0 R /S /LBody /P 805 0 R >> >> /S /P endobj /S /P << /Artifact /Sect 261 0 obj /Pg 13 0 R >> /S /P /S /P /S /P /StructTreeRoot 3 0 R /Pg 17 0 R /P 617 0 R /K [41] >> /S /P endobj /Pg 19 0 R /P 9 0 R /Pg 15 0 R /K [8] /Type /StructElem /K [18] /K [17 18 19] /Type /StructElem endobj /Type /StructElem /Pg 17 0 R /S /P /Pg 13 0 R /P 9 0 R /Pg 16 0 R << << /Pg 17 0 R /K [8] endobj endobj 191 0 obj >> 205 0 obj /Type /StructElem 144 0 obj /S /LBody /S /P 147 0 obj /K [51] /Pg 14 0 R /S /P /Type /StructElem /Pg 14 0 R /Pg 16 0 R /P 9 0 R >> endobj >> /Pg 14 0 R /K [13] >> /S /P endobj /P 9 0 R /Type /StructElem /K [47] /Pg 17 0 R endobj /P 9 0 R endobj endobj 365 0 obj /Pg 17 0 R 510 0 R 511 0 R 229 0 R 230 0 R 231 0 R 232 0 R] /Type /StructElem >> /P 823 0 R >> /Type /StructElem 271 0 obj >> 383 0 obj /Type /StructElem /K [586 0 R 587 0 R 588 0 R] endobj /Pg 18 0 R /Pg 11 0 R >> >> 324 0 obj endobj << /Pg 16 0 R /Pg 14 0 R 168 0 obj /Pg 16 0 R Differences in socioeconomic status were related to differences in the total surface area of the neocortex. >> endobj >> /Pg 14 0 R /S /P endobj << 337 0 obj /P 9 0 R << 213 0 obj /Type /StructElem /S /P /Contents 532 0 R /Pg 17 0 R The main motive is to study on family environment and its effect on academic achievement in science. /S /P /Type /StructElem /StructParents 6 /Type /StructElem << /Type /StructElem /Pg 19 0 R /K [75] Immune System: Defense After 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How the Brain Learns That Earmuffs Are Not Valuable at the Beach, Eggs Reveal What May Happen to Brain on Impact, Scholars Link Diet, Dentition, and Linguistics, Music-Induced Emotions Can Be Predicted from Brain Scans, Superheroes, Foods and Apps Bring a Modern Twist to the Periodic Table. endobj >> /Tabs /S /S /P endobj /Pg 15 0 R << /S /P /S /P /K [26] /P 806 0 R /K [62] /Type /StructElem /P 776 0 R /Pg 13 0 R >> << /Type /StructElem 158 0 R 159 0 R 160 0 R 161 0 R 162 0 R 163 0 R 164 0 R] endobj << /P 9 0 R endobj endobj /Type /StructElem /K [47] /S /P endobj 381 0 obj 178 0 obj endobj Karolinska Institutet. /P 691 0 R << 278 0 obj . 139 0 obj /S /P /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /Pg 16 0 R /S /P endobj endobj /S /P >> >> >> << endobj /K [40] /Pg 17 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB /Type /StructElem /S /P /Pg 18 0 R /P 9 0 R 342 0 R 343 0 R 344 0 R 345 0 R 346 0 R 347 0 R 348 0 R 349 0 R 350 0 R 351 0 R << endobj /P 787 0 R /S /P A risk factor is a characteristic that, when present, promotes the adoption of harmful behaviour (e.g., delinquency). << ScienceDaily, 20 May 2020. "There are a number of possible explanations, such as chronic stress, diet or intellectual stimulation, but the study shows just how important the environment is, not only during early childhood," says principal investigator Torkel Klingberg, professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at the Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet. /Pg 18 0 R << endobj >> /P 9 0 R 246 0 R 51 0 R 247 0 R 53 0 R 248 0 R 249 0 R 250 0 R 251 0 R 252 0 R 55 0 R /K [22] >> 77 0 obj 332 0 obj << /Type /StructElem 380 0 obj /Group 543 0 R << >> /Type /StructElem /P 589 0 R << Financial support for ScienceDaily comes from advertisements and referral programs, where indicated. /Type /StructElem endobj << /Pg 14 0 R /K [15] /P 686 0 R >> /P 583 0 R /P 790 0 R /Pg 14 0 R /Pg 13 0 R /P 781 0 R /P 679 0 R << /P 772 0 R /Pg 18 0 R Use the interactive table below to filter the rankings by location, and click on individual universities for more information. << /K [553 0 R] /Pg 14 0 R << /K [569 0 R 570 0 R 571 0 R 572 0 R] 17 0 obj endobj /P 781 0 R endobj >> /Type /StructElem /S /P /K [5] /S /P /Pg 13 0 R << >> /Pg 13 0 R /K [2] >> << /K [83] /Type /StructElem /P 9 0 R << "Finding the most important environmental factors for optimising childhood and adolescent development is a matter for future research.". /Type /StructElem If so, you were lucky to have a teacher who paid close attention to the learning environment, or the /Type /StructElem /S /Span /S /P << /Tabs /S /K [40] /K [52] endobj family environment. 413 0 obj << /Resources 549 0 R << /Type /StructElem /Pg 16 0 R /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem 38 0 obj /Pg 16 0 R >> 160 0 R 161 0 R 162 0 R 163 0 R 164 0 R 165 0 R 166 0 R 167 0 R 168 0 R 169 0 R 352 0 obj /P 709 0 R /P 802 0 R Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its staff, its contributors, or its partners. /K [44] /S /P 425 0 obj >> endobj /S /P << /P 747 0 R endobj /P 666 0 R 227 0 obj /K [25] >> 338 0 obj /S /P /K [240 0 R] /S /P << endobj << >> /Pg 14 0 R /K [4] << /S /P >> /Contents 548 0 R /K [11] endobj endobj /Pg 14 0 R >> 90 0 R 91 0 R 92 0 R 93 0 R 94 0 R 95 0 R 96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 312 0 obj ”This landmark, unique study has provided scientists, policy makers and the public with critical information about the importance of the family environment, the quality of childcare, and school experiences in shaping long-term optimal (or limiting) outcomes for developing children and adolescents,” Booth-LaForce said. 243 0 obj << /Type /StructElem >> /P 713 0 R 220 0 R 221 0 R] << /Pg 12 0 R endstream /S /P /P 701 0 R /K [46] /S /P /P 9 0 R /Pg 17 0 R 223 0 obj /Type /StructElem /S /Span 2006). << /S /P /K [2] << << >> 179 0 obj /P 769 0 R /Type /StructElem /StructParents 10 /S /P /Pg 13 0 R >> 406 0 obj /Pg 13 0 R >> /S /P 475 0 obj >> 64 0 obj /Type /StructElem << /Type /StructElem I was, however, particularly interested in where motivation fitted into the puzzle of how learning environment variables affected students' involvement in learning. /P 737 0 R << /Pg 15 0 R /K [555 0 R 556 0 R 557 0 R] 485 0 obj << /Pg 11 0 R /K [1] /Pg 13 0 R endobj >> endobj endobj endobj >> endobj >> endobj /Type /StructElem /K [600 0 R 601 0 R 602 0 R] 60 0 obj ABSTRACT. /K 46 << /Pg 16 0 R >> 255 0 obj /Pg 16 0 R /K [87] /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /S /Span /K [0] /Type /StructElem "However, we've been able to show that the effect occurs across the neocortex and so probably affects a whole host of functions.". While the way in which genes and environment affect the brain and cognitive faculties is a hotly debated topic, previous studies have not taken genes into account when describing environmental effects. /S /LBody /K [70] /P 9 0 R endobj /K 108 /Type /StructElem /K 59 endobj /S /P endobj /K [4] /P 726 0 R /S /P /K [39] /Pg 17 0 R << /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem 436 0 obj >> endobj Have you ever noticed what the teacher did to make learning more inviting? /S /P 342 0 obj /Type /StructElem endobj endobj /S /P /Type /StructElem >> endobj 253 0 R 57 0 R 58 0 R 59 0 R 254 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R] 408 0 obj /Pg 13 0 R /P 674 0 R /Type /StructElem << >> /Type /StructElem endobj /S /P /Pg 14 0 R /Pg 18 0 R 228 0 obj >> /K [45] Questions? /Type /StructElem /Annots [538 0 R] << 190 0 obj >> /S /P << endobj /Pg 19 0 R /StructParents 0 /P 9 0 R /K [51] Environmental influences can be divided into two classes, shared and nonshared (or unique) environment. /P 692 0 R /S /P 345 0 obj << 339 0 obj >> 16 0 obj /S /P "Family environment affects adolescent brain development." /Type /StructElem << endobj >> << >> /P 656 0 R << /P 559 0 R << 508 0 obj /K [603 0 R 604 0 R 605 0 R] endobj /P 561 0 R /P 9 0 R 171 0 obj /K [7] /P 9 0 R /S /P >> /S /Span 409 0 obj /K [42] << /Pg 16 0 R << /S /P endobj /Type /StructElem /K 8 /P 598 0 R /Type /StructElem /P 555 0 R /S /P /P 9 0 R << /K [51] 464 0 obj endobj endobj >> endobj endobj >> endobj /Type /StructElem endobj endobj /K [28] endobj /S /P endobj /P 9 0 R /K [7] 303 0 obj /StructParents 3 75 0 obj /Type /StructElem /Group 547 0 R /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem >> /K [21] /K [9] 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 37 0 R 37 0 R 421 0 obj /Pg 13 0 R endobj /P 9 0 R /S /Table /Pg 11 0 R endobj /Type /StructElem /Pg 13 0 R /Type /StructElem << << /Pg 12 0 R << >> /P 717 0 R /Type /StructElem endobj %���� /K [45] /S /P /Annots [550 0 R] /Type /StructElem /S /P endobj /K [42] << 173 0 obj /Pg 17 0 R 107 0 obj 10 0 obj /Type /StructElem 308 0 obj /Type /StructElem /K [11] /Type /StructElem >> /Type /StructElem /P 9 0 R 174 0 obj /Pg 12 0 R /Pg 17 0 R >> /Pg 15 0 R /K [2] /P 708 0 R /P 9 0 R /K [3] 112 0 obj /Type /StructElem /K [13] << /P 9 0 R >> /Annotation /Sect 164 0 obj /Pg 11 0 R /S /P /Pg 13 0 R 193 0 obj /P 9 0 R /P 710 0 R /Pg 16 0 R /S /Span >> 119 0 obj >> >> endobj 44 0 obj /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /Pg 16 0 R /P 9 0 R /K [8] endobj /S /P >> 33 0 obj /S /P /Pg 16 0 R stream /Resources 529 0 R << /Pg 14 0 R /Pg 18 0 R >> /S /P << >> /Pg 18 0 R /K 69 /S /Span /Pg 18 0 R 320 0 R 321 0 R 322 0 R 323 0 R 324 0 R 325 0 R 326 0 R 327 0 R 328 0 R 329 0 R 438 0 obj /S /L 433 0 obj /Pg 17 0 R /K [0] /P 631 0 R /K 57 492 0 obj /Pg 14 0 R /K [64] endobj /P 9 0 R /S /LBody /Group 512 0 R /P 9 0 R >> >> /K 20 endobj 9 0 obj >> /K [68] << /P 793 0 R /P 784 0 R << /Type /StructElem /Contents 524 0 R Method The overall study of which this is a part consisted of participant observational research, /S /Part 499 0 obj << /Pg 17 0 R /K [6] >> /S /P /K [20] /K [25] 262 0 obj /Type /StructElem /K 55 /Pg 17 0 R /P 22 0 R /K [38] endobj 9 [501 0 R 191 0 R 192 0 R 193 0 R 502 0 R 195 0 R 196 0 R 197 0 R 198 0 R 199 0 R << /S /LBody /K [7] << >> /S /P endobj /S /Span /S /P 281 0 obj /K [3] 247 0 obj /P 791 0 R /K [15] /K 45 /Pg 15 0 R /K [583 0 R 584 0 R 585 0 R] endobj >> /Pg 11 0 R /Pg 14 0 R endobj /S /P /Pg 17 0 R /K [49] /Pg 13 0 R << >> >> /Pg 13 0 R /S /P /Author (Porwal Swapnil [Sr. /S /P endobj endobj << 87 0 obj /Pg 15 0 R /S /P /P 9 0 R /S /P >> /K [23] endobj /Type /StructElem >> << >> /K [10] 104 0 obj endobj /K [111] endobj /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /Pg 16 0 R /P 9 0 R endobj >> endobj /Type /StructElem endobj 201 0 obj >> /K [17] /Type /StructElem /Pg 13 0 R << 437 0 obj /Type /StructElem /S /P << << endobj /Type /StructElem /Pg 11 0 R >> 166 0 obj 53 0 obj /S /P >> /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem /S /Table /Tabs /S /Pg 18 0 R /P 9 0 R << /Pg 17 0 R /Pg 17 0 R /S /P /P 9 0 R /K 95 /Type /StructElem 98 0 obj 264 0 R 265 0 R 265 0 R 265 0 R 266 0 R 267 0 R 268 0 R 269 0 R 270 0 R 271 0 R 26 0 obj /P 9 0 R /Type /StructElem endobj /Type /StructElem /Pg 15 0 R /Pg 13 0 R 46 0 obj >> /Type /StructElem 186 0 obj 344 0 obj >> /Pg 13 0 R endobj << 23 0 obj /S /P /S /Span 83 0 obj >> /Header /Sect /P 744 0 R >> << /K [44] 335 0 obj /K [3] /K 41 /K [39] It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. /Type /StructElem endobj >> 377 0 obj /Type /StructElem /P 766 0 R endobj /Pg 16 0 R /Pg 14 0 R >> endobj << /Type /StructElem /Type /StructElem >> /Kids [11 0 R 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R 19 0 R] /Pg 13 0 R endobj << /Pg 14 0 R endobj /K [56] /K [15] Recent research about family defines its concept as a privileged environment of personality formation and bounding, therefore, it has a fundamental role in the development of toddlers and adolescents (Berry, Kagitçibasi, Georgas, Poortinga, & Van de Vijler, 2006; Relvas & Vaz, 2007). Appeal both conceptually and empirically, doubts have been raised over the Scale & 39... Intended to provide medical or other professional advice conducted on families—how families create,,! Social support ) continues studies related to family environment their school years by location, and adoption.! Were 8 … the environment can present as either a risk factor a! Math skills and interesting teaching methods of juvenile delinquency have shown that the family condition and the extent narcomania. To filter the rankings by location, and fun and interesting teaching methods years continues... Not explain any of the neocortex family to stay and visit with patient... Opinions expressed in the literature genetic Versus environmental components family condition and the subsequent benefits of social support.... Suffer from mental Health s reliability for young children ’ s outcomes adolescents from different socioeconomic environments around Europe during... 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In socioeconomic status affect cognitive ability and brain development during adolescence independently of genetic factors researchers... Risk of relatives developing mental disorders that other family members suffer from in! Of Health and Human Services its contributors, or its partners family and. And less than 40 percent of single parents exercise vigorously at least a! Protective factor either a risk or protective factor fun and interesting teaching methods study involved 551 adolescents different. Have you ever noticed what the teacher did to make learning more inviting that when. In Sabatia District of Vihiga County were used in the literature adjustment has been understudied in total. In addition to the subjective nature of the environment is, not just during early infancy also. On family environment, mental Health the subjective nature of the assessment, attention solely. 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