How to Take Care of Your Plants

The right way to water your plants is a delicate balance of watering too little and overwatering. Watering too often may cause root rot. You can establish a watering schedule for each plant and water it when needed. A dark soil indicates adequate water. If you are not sure check the soil periodically and add water as needed. For best results you should water your plant only when it appears dry. If the soil is dry water it less.

Watering too often

Houseplants grow differently and they all require different amounts of water. Most popular houseplants are tropical varieties with huge leaves that absorb a lot of water. Desert-adapted houseplants like succulents require little water. A general rule is to water houseplants less frequently than those that require a lot of water. If you have to water your plant more often than that it's probably because your houseplants require more water in the summer than they do in the winter.

To ensure that you're watering properly try to determine how often you need to water your plants. The amount of water you need to provide will depend on the type of soil you have. Plants with sandy soil need less water than plants with clay soil. If you don't know try the fingerstick test to see if the top inch of soil is dry. Make sure you water your plants in the morning and early evening when their leaves are most vulnerable to rot.

Too much water can kill plants faster than underwatering. When soil is constantly wet roots can't breath and can't take in enough oxygen. When they can't breathe their roots can't use the water that they need to grow. Watering too often can cause the roots to rot. Symptoms of too much water can be hard to notice until it's too late. If you notice the signs of decline in your plants' growth you can stop the damage before it happens.

Overwatering can kill plants. This can be especially harmful to young plants and saplings as they can't absorb enough oxygen through their roots. Root rot and decay can result from this lack of oxygen. Moreover watering your plants too often can lead to mold and algae growth on the soil surface. Soaker hoses and drip emitters can be used to water your plants in a controlled manner. For outdoor use you should also make sure that you're using a drip irrigation system as overhead irrigation can cause fungal infections.

Overwatering plants can mimic symptoms of underwatering. These plants may lose leaves prematurely and develop mold along their stems and soil surface. Their leaves may even begin to show soft brown patches. In severe cases over-watering may lead to the lower stem and roots rotting. Over-watering plants may even emit a foul odor. A waterlogged plant can also experience leaf rot. If this happens it's time to contact a professional.

Placing plants too deeply in pots

If you want to keep your plants healthy avoid placing them too deeply in pots. Potted plants grow out of their containers over time. The root system becomes cramped and unable to get adequate nutrients and water. This signals that it's time to move the plant. To avoid this problem place your plants in pots that are an inch or smaller in depth. If they're too deep in a pot they'll have trouble absorbing water and nutrients.

Generally the size of the pot your plant will need depends on its expected growth rate its current conditions and its desired ultimate size. If you're unsure rely on your own perception of what a healthy specimen looks like. If in doubt go with the next larger pot size. If you're unsure you can always repot the plant by using the next larger pot size.

Dividing or rearranging plants as needed

Before dividing or rearranging a plant consider the new location where you will plant the new divisions. Dig holes for planting the new divisions before dividing the clump. This will minimize the time that the roots are exposed to the air. Dig the planting holes a bit wider than the clump allowing ample room for new plant roots. You should also water the plant thoroughly before dividing it.

Divide perennial plants if you have too many. Overcrowding can weaken a perennial plant preventing it from blooming fully. Dividing perennials will help you create drifts throughout a bed filling in a new one. You can also share the divisions with friends and neighbors. If you have extras you can sell them at a roadside stand or donate them to a garden club.

Common houseplant diseases

Many common houseplant diseases can kill a plant. Luckily many of these diseases are opportunistic meaning they tend to attack plants when their environment is unfavorable. To minimize your risk of disease outbreaks you should create the right growing environment. This includes the use of quality potting soil providing plants with ample room to grow and avoiding drafts from heating vents. In addition plants need adequate humidity light and drainage to survive and thrive.

Symptoms of a plant disease include stunted growth and yellow powdery blotches or spots on the leaves. Infected leaves may also drop. Stems may become soft or show black discoloration near the soil. Some of these symptoms can be mistaken for insect pests but they're not. Here are some signs of common houseplant diseases:

Viruses can infect plants at any time so make sure to clean your hands thoroughly before handling your plants. Viruses are often contagious and infect other plants if they're not properly cared for. To prevent disease from spreading be sure to thoroughly water your plants each day. Aside from washing your hands be sure to remove the infected plants from the garden. If you suspect you have a plant with a plant disease quarantine it for several weeks until it clears up.

Powdery mildew is a fungus that causes white powdery spots on leaves. While it's usually not fatal it can drastically affect the growth of your plants. It can also cause leaves to shrivel or drop. The good news is that it's possible to cure powdery mildew by removing affected leaves and cleaning the soil which is also vital to preventing the spread of the fungus.

Bacterial leaf spot is another common houseplant disease. Various fungi can cause this disease. Depending on the particular bacteria it can affect foliage or the entire plant. Fungal leaf spots can appear in different colors and even cause leaf drop. You can try fungicidal sprays to treat the disease but you should make sure the potting mix is clean. It's best not to reuse a potting mix if it's infected.

Vegetable Container Garden Tips

Vegetables grown in containers are an inexpensive way to grow food. However good soil and nutrients are essential for growing vegetables. Here are some tips to growing vegetables in containers. You will need good soil and nutrients and a few good tips to ensure your vegetables grow as well as possible. You should also be aware of pests and diseases that may affect your plants. After following these tips you'll have a successful vegetable container garden!

Growing vegetables in containers is a great solution to pandemic

If you are concerned about your food supply due to a pandemic growing vegetables in containers is a solution. Container gardening ensures a continuous supply of healthy fruits and vegetables even when the grocery store may run out of certain items. In a pandemic where supply chains are disrupted growing vegetables in containers may be the only solution to ensure a healthy supply. Here are three reasons why container gardening is an excellent solution to the global food shortage.

The first thing you should do is determine the amount of sunlight your plants need. Many vegetables require at least six hours of direct sunlight but some can tolerate partial shade as well. You should also determine the amount of soil required to grow a particular type of vegetable such as lettuce spinach or collard greens. The seeds or plants you choose should be labeled with their growing requirements.

When you consider the amount of space that a garden requires a smaller container will be too small for some plants. Larger containers should be filled with a compost and soil mix 60/40. If the mix is correct a container filled with vegetables should yield the same amount as a traditional vegetable garden. There are many types of containers so you can choose the size and shape that is best for your container and the type of plants you want to grow.

It is a cost-effective way to grow food

If you want to grow vegetables the first step is to choose a container. A 5-gallon plastic bucket will work just as well. You can get creative with your container and plant a variety of plants. Make sure to choose a container that drains well. Use old flower pots or plastic containers from the grocery store. You can even purchase 'potato bags' which are similar to grow bags. They come in many sizes and types.

To maintain your container garden water your plants regularly. You should check the moisture level every day by sticking your finger in the soil. If it is too dry water the plant. Once the plant has a good root system you can decrease the frequency of watering. To water vegetables you can use drip irrigation. Make sure that the water level stays above the plant's stem as this will keep them growing in the best possible way.

In addition to compost and manure you can also collect rainwater to use as irrigation. Use compost or well-rotted manure to improve the soil and avoid using pesticides. If you do not have time to grow your own vegetables it is always better to start small and plant in containers. You'll soon find out which vegetables grow best in containers. You can also gradually expand your container garden as you learn more about the process.

You can use a plastic or wooden container. However you should make sure that the container you use is large enough and has good drainage. It should also be safe to eat. To plant vegetables in containers you should make sure that the potting medium is breathable enough and is suitable for the type of vegetable you're growing. In addition to a container that holds soil you should also choose a potting mix that can hold enough water for the container to grow.

It requires good soil

The best soil for your vegetable container garden is synthetic. It may be a combination of wood chips sawdust peat moss perlite or vermiculite and is highly drained. The right soil mix should also be disease-free and light-weight. If you don't want to purchase synthetic soil you can also make your own by mixing vermiculite peat moss or perlite with garden fertilizer.

You can use the soil from your yard but avoid using the soil from your container garden. The soil should be moist which you can test by sticking your finger in it. You may need to water the plants on a daily basis during midsummer and in windy areas. Make sure to replenish the soil every few days and add compost and organic fertilizer if you're not familiar with them.

The best soil for a vegetable container garden is light aerated and ideally nutrient-rich. Vegetables need a pH of six or seven. The soil should be aerated but also contain enough trace minerals and other essential nutrients to support the growth of your plants. The deeper the soil the deeper your vegetables will grow. It's also a good idea to double-dig your soil especially if you're planting in a raised bed. This will help to aerate the deeper layer and remove any rocks.

There are several kinds of containers you can use for your container vegetable garden. Choose a container that is large enough to accommodate the plants and has adequate drainage. You can use a barrel flower pot window box and concrete planter boxes. Make sure the container has a drainage hole or use one that is designed for container gardens. The main rule for growing vegetables in a container is that the soil should be healthy because the healthy plants grow and thrive in good soil.

It needs nutrients

Vegetables require certain nutrients for growth. Some of these are nitrogen phosphorus and potassium. Excess amounts of these nutrients will limit production and cause problems with insects and diseases. Phosphorus is a particularly beneficial nutrient for tomatoes. Potassium helps plants maintain their vitality and acts as an immune system booster. Most soils already contain some of these nutrients. You should always test your soil before adding fertilizers.

To fertilize vegetable container plants organically you need to add soil amendments. Organic fertilizers are available in many varieties and contain a balanced amount of NPK (Nitrogen Phosphorus and Potassium). Use a complete fertilizer formulated for vegetable gardening. If your container garden is too small for a complete fertilizer purchase a supplemental organic fertilizer for that size pot.

Fertilize your vegetables according to label directions. You can apply granular fertilizers two to three times a year but you should follow the instructions carefully. Some gardeners over-fertilize their containers leading to nutrient deficiencies pH imbalance and fertilizer 'burn'. To avoid fertilizer burn use the proper amount of the right type according to label directions. In addition to following the label it is important to water your container frequently.

Fertilizer is necessary to ensure optimum growth of vegetables. Most vegetables are hungry and need additional nutrients. A slow-release organic fertilizer can be used which is mixed with water. The nutrients in this fertilizer are released in small amounts and can last for a few weeks. A slow-release fertiliser will help you maintain good crop yield. In addition to organic fertilizers you can also use chicken manure pellets.

It needs drainage

For a successful vegetable container garden proper drainage is essential. If you have a container with no drainage holes water will not drain properly and the roots will drown. It is recommended that you put a small hole in the bottom of the container to allow water to drain freely and allow air to reach the roots. While various types of vegetables are tolerant of stagnant water there are also some that require adequate drainage. A healthy root system will result in healthier plants.

The number one problem with vegetable container gardening is improper drainage. Water is not properly drained causing the soil to dry out too quickly or too slowly. Vegetables thrive in moist soil that allows air to circulate around their roots. Although they can survive short periods of flooding water-soaked roots use up oxygen causing soil Bad Boys to feast on your tender plants. Soil drainage is essential in the vegetable container garden but it is often overlooked.

If your container doesn't have holes make one. This way you can add additional media without increasing the overall weight of the container. Also make sure the container doesn't have too much water in it as this will encourage bacterial and fungal growth stunting the plant's productivity and possibly killing it. Aside from soil drainage you should consider the climate of your area. If you live in a drier climate select a container with more air flow.

To ensure the proper moisture level for your vegetables water your vegetable container garden deeply and frequently but not too often. Be sure to check your container garden twice a day especially during windy or hot days. To reduce the amount of water your vegetables need you can mulch your container or use windbreaks. Alternatively consider setting up an automatic drip emitter irrigation system to water the plants for you. If you're not home at the time to check the soil you can also set up an irrigation system that will water the vegetables automatically.

When Should You Water Your Plants?

The first question to ask is 'When should you water your plants?' The answer can vary depending on the plant. Some plants prefer water in the morning while others require it in the evening. In any case you need to water your plants regularly no matter what the season is. Some plants require water at soil level while others do not. The type of soil will also influence the frequency of watering. Soil that is more porous than others needs more frequent watering than those that are clayey.

Morning watering

For the best results water plants in the morning before 10am. Watering in the afternoon will waste water as it will evaporate before reaching the soil. Morning watering is especially beneficial for plants that are in pots as the water will be absorbed by the roots over the night. The sun's high temperature will also burn the leaves of your plants. Watering in the morning will keep your plants healthy and happy for many months to come.

There are many benefits to watering your plants in the morning. First it will provide more water to the roots throughout the day. Also the water will not be evaporated by the time you reach the plant's leaves. Secondly the water will be more readily absorbed by the roots of the plants. It is also better for plants with faster growth and metabolisms because morning watering will ensure that they will have the right amount of water.

Watering plants in the morning also allows the roots to receive a deep soaking thus lessening the stress on the plants. This is especially beneficial for annuals which are primarily made up of shallow roots and will suffer if the top two to three inches of soil are dried out. In addition morning watering also allows the leaves of plants to dry out making it difficult for plant diseases to get a foothold.

Watering your plants in the morning is also good for houseplants. Because plants absorb moisture faster in the morning watering them in the morning can help them stay healthy all day. If you cannot water them during the day you should at least move them away from direct sunlight. However our modern lifestyles make it harder to water our plants in the morning. Besides it may even seem like a chore! But don't be discouraged!

Watering at soil level

When watering your plants it is important to remember that not all plants need the same amount of water. Many common houseplants come from tropical areas so they require more water than others. Succulents and desert houseplants on the other hand require far less water than most other types of plants. For best results water them at soil level until the root ball is completely soaked. Watering at soil level is the best approach if you want to encourage deep root development.

You may notice that your soil is not as moist as you think. This is because moisture is not evenly distributed. In addition you'll notice a noticeable difference between wet and dry soil. You can use a soil moisture indicator to determine whether you need to water more or less. When watering your plants at soil level use a hose to mist the entire surface to avoid wasting water on areas that don't need it.

To determine whether your soil is sufficiently moist insert your finger into the soil. Press it down at least two inches. The finger should not get stuck in the soil. If it does remove it and wait a few minutes. If there's any residue your soil is still too wet. It's important to water your plants at soil level to avoid soil-borne diseases and insect infestations. The moisture probe will also provide information on the pH levels of the soil.

If you're growing plants in pots or containers you must also keep in mind that the soil dries from the top to the bottom. Some plants only require water when the top inch dries while others may need water whenever they feel dry. If you have questions you can always consult your plant care guide. However do not overwater your plants as this will damage the roots resulting in the demise of your house plant.

Watering in full sun

If you're growing your garden in full sunlight you'll need to know when to water your plants. When it's too hot outside plants bake! Water them at least once a week to keep them hydrated. If you don't see any visible changes you might want to try watering them more frequently. If you're growing in a pot move them into the shade or water them a few times each day.

You may have heard the old horticultural advice about not watering your plants in the sun. The truth is that this advice is based on nothing but myth. The water droplets don't magnify sunlight nor do they conduct heat. So watering your plants during the day is fine - as long as you water them correctly. Just be sure to do it early in the morning or late in the evening.

When watering your outdoor plants make sure that you water in the early morning. Watering during the morning makes the water available to your plants throughout the day and prevents scorching. Most places on earth don't receive intense sunlight so water droplets evaporate in heat before they can focus the sun. This is why watering in the morning is best for your plants. Then water them again in the evening. This will allow the water droplets to soak into the soil.

Watering in winter

There are several important factors to consider when watering your plants in winter. For most plants watering should be performed in six to eight inches of soil depth. This will ensure that the soil has adequate moisture for most of the plant's roots. For shrubs trees and newly established lawns you can use sprinklers or soaking hoses to get the job done. However if you live in an area where winter temperatures can cause dehydration you should make additional efforts to water these plants in winter.

You should always water your plants in winter but the frequency of watering depends on the time of year. During early winter you should water your plants more often than during later winter. For example in November and March you might need to water your plants twice a month. In areas with strong sunlight or sandy soil you may need to water your plants more frequently. During the deepest winter you might not need to water them more than once a month. In these cases you may even need to water them twice a month.

If you are not sure about when to water your plants consider watering them during the early morning hours. The soil is a heat trap so watering plants in the morning will prevent winter damage to their roots. In the winter you can also consider using a cover to protect your plants from the cold. A sheltered area under a warm roof will prevent your plants from losing water. This will also reduce the risk of winter drought as the ground will remain slightly warmer.

Watering in spring

The best way to water your plants in spring is with spring water. It is a natural source of nutrients for your plants. However you should be careful when using this source of water since it may contain harmful contaminants. Spring water is best when it contains no contaminants. It is advisable to check the water quality before using it to water your plants. You can also get spring water from local municipalities for a cheap price. Some plants like water from wells because the water is acidic and contains nutrients that your plants need.

The best way to water your plants is to give them a good drink of cool water. Hot water will scald the foliage. Instead use a handheld hose with light spray settings. You can also install sprinkler systems for larger areas. Make sure that you check the amount of water you are applying before watering. For best results water in the mornings. This time will ensure that your plants get a good supply of water.

As the weather turns warmer and the days get longer it's time to start thinking about your outdoor landscape. A lush lawn is a must so consider planting new flowers and shrubs to add color and texture. Potted plants in particular need more water than their ground-based counterparts. Ideally you should water them once per day or a few times a week or when the soil in their pots dries. Be sure not to overwater your plants though.

When watering your plants in spring check the soil. Wet soil is dark brown or black. Dry soil is lighter. This means that your plants may be thirsty and need more water. In addition it is advisable to water your plants regularly in the spring because the soil is cooler in the evening. For best results it's best to check your plants twice a day. Moreover watering them too early can harm the roots and leave them thirsty.

Causes to Bee Deaths and Their Interactions

Many factors can cause bee deaths. The most commonly implicated are pathogens viruses and cell phones. Here are some of the possible causes and their interactions. Acute bee paralysis virus deformed wing virus and Israeli acute paralysis virus are just a few. As a result researchers must explore the interactions between all these agents to better understand the cause of the disease. Pathogens implicated in CCD include Ascosphaera apis chronic bee paralysis virus deformed wing virus Kashmir bee virus and American foulbrood.

Viruses

Researchers have found that viruses cause bee deaths. DWV-B and C were found to be the most common causes of honey bee mortality. These viruses persist in the hive without visible symptoms destroying the bees' health and fitness even when conditions are favorable. The researchers hope to find ways to develop bees resistant to these viruses and will continue their research to find a cure for bee disease.

There are many different kinds of bee viruses including the deformed wing virus the most common. The deformed wing virus is an RNA virus that creates several genetically heterogeneous forms including several master variants. Type A has been attributed to the decline of honey bee colonies worldwide while type B has not yet been linked to bee deaths. Viruses can also cause bee deaths because they affect the mite Varroa.

The prevalence of bee deaths varies between different habitats. In national parks and agroecosystems all nine viruses were found. National parks had the lowest mortality rates and towns had the highest prevalence of viral infection. However viruses can easily spread from one colony to another which could affect the ecosystem's stability and species composition. If this is the case we may have to consider preventing a virus-infested bee population from being introduced to the local environment.

The European foulbrood virus referred to as M. plutonius is caused by an entomopathogenic fungus. It causes the mummification of bee larvae within the colony weakening the colony and allowing other pathogens to take hold. The disease is a major economic threat in the global beekeeping industry. If left untreated the symptoms could be fatal to a bee colony.

CBPV (chronic bee paralysis virus) is a well-defined viral disease in honey bees. Bees that develop the disease typically lose their entire colony. There is anecdotal evidence that the virus has recently increased in incidence. Government records of honey bee health inspections indicate that the disease has increased exponentially between 2007 and 2017. There may be an ongoing global outbreak of the virus.

Pathogens

Fungi are common insect pathogens that have a wide range of effects on insect populations. Some species have become so important for agriculture that they are considered agricultural biopesticides. They thrive in warm moist environments and that includes the bee nest. Although only a few species have been studied for their effects on bees there are likely many more lurking in the background. If you think your bees are safe take some basic precautions.

Researchers from the Edgewood Chemical Biological Center in Oregon found that two viruses were associated with elevated bee mortality. The virus pCCA induced a strong immune response in the bees which in turn led to the bees' deaths. They also found a link between two different viral RNAs which caused bee deaths. The scientists presented their findings to a working group of the United States Department of Agriculture.

Infected bees exposed to pesticides have a lower survival rate. Their gut microbiome is also less likely to develop resistance to the pathogen which increases the likelihood of a colony collapse. Infected bees may also develop resistance to pesticides which may contaminate honey. A compromised immune response may be a contributing factor to CCD. However the study did not provide conclusive evidence to link the two diseases.

A case study of a single colony in Switzerland in October 2009 has raised concerns about the pathogens causing colony collapse disorder (CCD). Although the Swiss Bee Research Centre matched the criteria of US hive surveys laboratory tests for bacterial fungal and viral infections found that the disease was not a factor in this particular incident. A new species of nosema has been detected in bee samples dating back to 1995. Nosema apis is a microsporidian that lives in honey bees' digestive tracts. It can cause bee colonies to leave their colony.

Fungi infect stressed hives and can infect the larvae and pupae. Although these are not directly implicated in the cause of CCD there is no simple explanation for the association between pesticides and pathogens. It's likely that the presence of pesticides in hives weakens the bees' immune systems and digestive tracts making them susceptible to infection by pathogens. Ultimately research is needed to find out the connection between pesticides and CCD and how they impact the bees.

Plants

The mysterious mass die-off of honey bees has left farmers scrambling to figure out the cause. In the US alone they pollinate more than $30 billion in crops. In the Netherlands a particularly harsh winter could leave fields fallow. But new research pinpoints several likely causes. It will be much harder to avert beemageddon if researchers can't pinpoint the cause. This article will give you a better understanding of what is happening to your bees.

While individual causes may weaken bee populations multiple factors together can be disastrous. Despite the widespread impact of several factors scientists are still trying to figure out which factors are causing bee deaths. To begin let's look at some of the main causes of bee deaths. Here are a few of them:

Silver linden - While silver linden has been associated with bee deaths it is not the only plant that causes bee mortality. Some species of linden produce toxic nectar. The common linden is a hybrid of Tilia cordata and Tilia dasystyla. It's not known whether any other linden species is responsible for bee deaths. Some researchers say it's a combination of these two types of plants.

Pesticides - The effects of pesticides on bees are unknown and the causes of bee mortality are still under investigation. Many factors contribute to the increased mortality of worker bees including the use of pesticides. These extra losses are damaging to the bee population and the dynamics of the community. However a few dead bees is not a cause for alarm. For example a weakened population of bees could result in reduced pollen and nectar levels.

The loss of bee colonies varies by region. In the EU losses have reached historic highs. While there are no reports in many regions of the world in the USA more than half of the colonies have disappeared. In the same time frame some beekeepers in the US had to rebuild all of their colonies. The phenomenon was deemed a 'colony collapse disorder' by scientists. And while the death rate is a serious concern it isn't as disastrous as many fear.

Cell phones

Bees react to cellular signals differently than people. They tend to lose track of their surroundings. A study published in the Journal Apidologie found that the noises from cell phones could be a signal for a swarming bee colony. Bees in the experiment responded by making high-pitched sounds. However there was no effect on the number of bees killed. Bee deaths are a serious issue and cell phone use must be banned in beehives.

Earlier studies have suggested that cell phone use may be a contributing factor in bee deaths. Bee populations declined by up to 30 percent in the United States and 17 percent in the UK last year. Although the causes of colony collapse disorder are numerous - climate change pesticides and viruses - researchers from India believed that cell phone radiation could be a major contributor. In one study researchers placed fake cell phones around another hive while a third hive had no mobile phone use.

To determine if cell phone use is a factor in bee deaths researchers from the Panjab University in India fitted mobile phones in beehives. They then observed that the bees produced less honey and their number dropped drastically after three months. The number of queen bees also decreased and the size of the hive was reduced. According to the researchers it seems that the chattering radiation is interfering with the bees' navigation. Further research will need to be conducted but for now the researchers are calling for a temporary moratorium on the deployment of 5G in beehives.

Scientists at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne have concluded that the frequency of cell phone signals sent by cell phones causes bees to respond differently. Bees emit high-pitched squeaks as a result of the cell phone signals. They then decide whether to swarm or flee. The resulting buzzing noise caused the bees to panic and swarm which can be fatal to a bee hive.

Creating a Bee Friendly Garden

If you want your garden to be more bee friendly there are several ways you can do so. For one thing you can plant dandelion and lawn clovers. Both of these plants will attract pollinators and they also produce pollen and nectar. Another way is to install an insect hotel where solitary bees can stay. There are a variety of pesticides on the market that can kill bees but there are many natural ways to keep them under control.

Lawn clovers and dandelions attract pollinators

Dwarf weeds like dandelions and lawn clovers have numerous beneficial properties for bees. They thrive in dappled shade and bloom in April. Some people like to plant flowers in lawns including clover self-heal and creeping charlie. Some people also replace their lawns with wildflower mixes which attract bees.

Plants that attract pollinators include annuals perennials and herbs. Plants such as catnip anise bee balm and rosemary attract bees. Additionally you can grow some of these plants in pots or containers. You will be happy to see the results! This way you can ensure that your bee friendly garden will provide food year-round.

In addition to flowers bees also need nectar and pollen to survive. Bees can gather these nutrients from weeds. This is why many gardeners remove weeds but dandelions clover and creeping charlie are among the weeds that attract bees. You can also plant them in sloping areas such as between patios or stepping stones.

The main reason why bees like dandelions is because they are abundant in lawns and grassy areas. Although they don't provide the highest-quality pollen dandelion flowers are beneficial for bees because they also produce nectar. Some birds also feed on dandelion flowers. In addition to honey bees dandelion flowers are also eaten by several birds such as hummingbirds and a variety of butterflies. Comma butterflies sulphur butterflies and admiral butterflies all like to feast on dandelion flowers.

In addition to dandelions and lawn clovers you can also plant pollinator pocket gardens. These are particularly good for lawns that are used for recreational purposes. Dandelions and lawn clovers attract pollinators and they also are low-maintenance plants. They also offer forage for the pollinators. It's no surprise that they are among the most attractive plants in a bee-friendly garden.

Plants that produce nectar and pollen

If you're interested in creating a bee-friendly garden you need to know what plants provide pollen and nectar. European honey bees are social nesters but most native bee species are solitary. They nest in hollow stems or small holes in the ground sometimes taking shelter there over the winter. Plants that provide nesting habitat for bees are bee balm daffodils elderberries goldenrod and ornamental grass.

For late-season pollen and nectar try planting asters. These cheerful flowers are great additions to your fall garden. Make sure you choose species that will thrive in your zone and have the best nectar and pollen production. Be sure to avoid plants with toxic properties and choose those that tolerate a variety of soil and sun conditions. Some plants are prohibited in your area including viper's bugloss which is also known as blueweed.

Native bees are not specialized for deep-rooted plants so they can feed on flowers with shallow nectaries. Consider planting native species of bee-friendly plants like black-eyed susan goldenrod oregano and angelica. You can also try plants that provide nectar for hummingbird moths and bees such as joe-pye weed.

Bees are beneficial insects and need food to flourish. When you choose plants with healthy pollen and nectar bees will love your garden. Bees are particularly important for edible crops such as corn and beans. Their presence means a bigger harvest every season with healthier blooms. The next time you plant a garden don't neglect to think of the bees!

The benefits of a bee friendly garden go beyond providing bees with a hummingbird-friendly environment. Not only do they help spread the genetics of plants they also provide the necessary shelter. A lawn without flowering plants cannot offer shelter or food for these important insects. Therefore you should plant flowering plants with lots of nectar and pollen-producing flowers.

Lavender is another great plant for bees. Its flowers attract many kinds of bees including bumblebees and small native bees. Moreover it's easy to grow and produces a lot of nectar. Various types of perennial flowers are also beneficial to bees. In addition to lavender lilies hyacinths and beetles also love these flowers.

Insect hotels provide solitary bees with a place to rest

Insect hotels can be created with a variety of materials including drilled wood blocks and bamboo canes. The filling materials can include hollow stems bamboo pithy grasses pine cones or even dead branches. Other options for building a bee hotel include plastic pipe bamboo and broken pottery. It is important to use non-toxic materials such as non-flammable paints or glues and wooden blocks and crates.

The best time to install an insect hotel is during early spring before the temperatures reach 55 degF. Be sure to install your insect hotel facing southeast or east to attract solitary bees. To attract them place it at a height of three to five feet. If possible clear the area around the insect hotel of any plant life that could block their entrances. It is also best to install it stationary so that it does not move when it is windy.

The best places to install your insect hotel are sheltered and warm so it is vital to choose a location that is free from harsh weather conditions. Make sure you choose a sunny sheltered area and avoid placing it directly in the wind. Insects prefer a slightly damp environment and solitary bees require the sunniest aspect of the garden. Keeping the hotel close to an existing insect hotspot will help it fill up faster.

If you've chosen a location for your insect hotel it's important to remember that insects prefer sheltered areas. Place the hotel in a damp location. They also need low humidity and direct sunlight. Make sure to clean the insect hotel periodically to keep it clean and free from parasites. Be sure to include beneficial plants in your garden to promote biodiversity and pollination.

You can make your own insect hotel as a weekend project. It's not difficult to build and you can fill it with insects and monitor their activity. If you're looking for a bug hotel to build in your garden you can follow these steps:

Using pesticides to control bees

Beekeepers should use caution when applying pesticides on their properties. Bees travel to blooms in fields orchards and home gardens. Insecticide residues can be deposited in their water sources. Fortunately there are several ways to minimize the risk of contact injuries and fatalities to bees. Listed below are the steps you should take when using pesticides on your property.

A combination of two pesticides is not the best way to kill bees. The chemicals used to control bees are called systemic pesticides. They move throughout the plant affecting its leaves flowers and pollen. This chemical cocktail can affect the bees' reproduction and make them vulnerable to other stressors. Researchers have not yet determined exactly how much each chemical will affect the bees.

Several factors may be contributing to colony collapse disorder. The EPA approved the pesticide dicamba in 2016 despite warnings from environmental groups. The EPA recently extended its approval of dicamba until 2020 and the agency did not comment on the extent of the damage to the bee colonies. Using pesticides on bee colonies will likely cause more problems in the future so it is vital that beekeepers take steps to reduce the risks of the pesticide.

When applying a pesticide be sure to avoid areas where flowers are blooming. Bees feed on flowering weeds so you don't want them to eat them. You can control the weeds by using a bee-friendly product after the petals have dropped. Also it is best to notify local beekeepers ahead of time. The pesticides that you use must have a low-hazard and minimal side effect on bees.

When using pesticides to control bees be sure to follow label directions and consider the weather. Insecticide residues are toxic to bees the next day so don't apply the pesticide on a hot summer day. If the temperatures rise be sure to cover the beehive or place it in an area where the bees are not. This will protect the bees from the pesticide spray.

Getting Started With Beekeeping

If you love bees consider getting started with beekeeping. Keeping bees not only helps the environment but also produces beeswax and honey. Depending on the type of hive a jar of honey can be worth PS6 or more! Beekeeping is also an excellent hobby for families and individuals who are interested in biodiversity and helping the environment. The good news is that beekeeping is a fun and rewarding hobby that can keep you occupied for years. To get started you should contact your local Beekeeping association. It can provide you with mentors who can help you with beekeeping.

Be 'one' with the bees

Before you get started be sure to ask permission from your neighbors. Beekeeping can disrupt the lives of your neighbors and may require additional feeding during colder winter months and periods of drought. As for bees they make honey from the nectar of flowers. Common flower nectar sources include dandelions asters and white clover. If you plan to raise your bees near a car make sure to take appropriate precautions to avoid staining your vehicle.

When you're first starting out your most valuable time will be spent reading attending classes and researching. It will take two to three years to learn the ins and outs of beekeeping. To be 'one' with the bees take the time to learn as much as you can about the subject. Taking classes and reading about beekeeping will greatly increase your knowledge base and help you make the most of your time.

Once you have a good handle on bee behavior and how to manage them you can get started with beekeeping. The best beekeepers are those who understand bee biology and behavior and know what goes on inside the hive before they start applying techniques. If you can do this you'll be 'one' with the bees and will have more success with your beekeeping venture.

When getting started with beekeeping make sure to choose an appropriate location for the hives. Bees can live in any location so choose a location that is not too shady or far from your home. Bees can be found in most locations but they prefer to face the rising sun. You can make sure they receive an optimal amount of warmth in the morning by placing your hives towards the east or south-facing window.

A hive tool is a must for beekeeping. A smoker is essential for the bees as well as a veil. The latter type of hive tool is more costly and provides more protection. A bee suit is also helpful. Beekeepers who choose to wear bee suits will feel safer when working with bees. This way the beekeeper can stay 'one' with the bees and make honey.

Be a good neighbor

Be a good neighbor when getting started with your beekeeping hobby. Bees are generally gentle creatures and they will not sting you unless threatened. That is in stark contrast to the behavior of yellow jackets hornets and other kinds of bees. These are important pollinators in urban ecosystems and they tend to stay away from wild bees. But your neighbors may have some reservations about having bees in their yard and that's completely understandable. So while installing your hives on your lawn make sure you communicate your intentions to your neighbors and be open and transparent about it.

It's vital to be a good neighbor when getting started with beakeeping. It's easy to become overly aggressive if you're not careful. You also don't want your neighbors to use pesticides on their lawns as it may affect your bees. So be sure to talk with your neighbors about the best way to deal with their concerns before you start beekeeping.

Make sure your neighbors don't mind your hobby. While they may not mind your honey production they may not want you bringing them into their yard. Moreover if you're a new beekeeper check with your local government to see if they allow beekeeping. Some cities require that you register your apiary in order to prevent bee diseases and nuisances. You should also talk with homeowners' associations to find out whether they allow beekeeping.

You should choose an area where you can place your hives without disturbing your neighbors. Ideally you should place your hives away from footpaths and public access. Bees are very picky when it comes to water and you should have an attractive spot in your yard that is not easily accessible to other residents. A good location should be sheltered from strong winds. And finally you should be a good neighbor.

While bees are gentle creatures you should consider their needs and your neighbors' concerns. Bees are also wonderful pets and can benefit your neighborhood. Having a colony in your backyard can produce up to 40 pounds of honey a year so being a good neighbor will ensure a happy and healthy beekeeping experience for everyone. In the long run you'll be able to share the honey you produce with your neighbors.

Buying beekeeping equipment

If you're new to beekeeping you'll need some beekeeping equipment to start building your hives and raising your bees. While buying new equipment is usually more expensive than used equipment it's still a good idea to purchase some pre-assembled pieces in order to save money. However be sure to avoid buying used foundations or combs as they may contain diseases and chemical residues. If you do opt for used equipment you can ask a more experienced beekeeper to show you how to assemble it properly. It's also best to purchase unassembled equipment to save money. Purchasing premium grade hives is a great idea because these are guaranteed to avoid defects.

While starting out with beekeeping will be the most expensive part of the hobby there are a few other items you'll need. A smoker will help keep the bees calm and mask the pheromones. To make it easier to maintain your hives add wood chips small twigs and leaves or pine needles to the smoker. Additionally you'll need a hive tool to remove the hive's top or loosen its frames. You can purchase these tools from many sources including online stores. A painter's scraper can be substituted for a mini crowbar.

When you're ready to buy your first beekeeping equipment make sure to consider all the details involved. You'll need to account for timing weather and hive mortality issues. In addition to the price of your beekeeping equipment you'll also need to consider your budget. As long as you're not afraid of being outdoors beekeeping is one of the most enjoyable hobbies you can indulge in.

While new beekeeping equipment can be pricey you can save money by purchasing 'almost-new' or used beehives. You can also purchase beekeeping equipment from retired beekeepers. Used beehives can be a great deal but remember that buying used equipment involves some risk. If you don't want to spend money on brand-new equipment buy used beehives and equipment from a reputable seller. You'll get great value and save money at the same time.

Setting up a hive

Bees need several things in order to be happy. Bees prefer flowering plants such as lavender and purple and need a water source. Standing water with natural minerals is best and they need a platform to stand on in the water. Setting up a hive is easy and can be done in an hour or less but be sure to research the best location first.

The body of the hive is made up of boxes. The biggest box is called the deep super and it should have grooves on the sides to serve as handles. The bottom board should stick out a few inches from the ground which serves as the landing board for the bees. You should also have a hive frame for each box. After assembling the hive you can add an inner cover.

The hive should face south. Bees do not store water in their hives but they will need a water source near their hives. A birdbath or a 2-gallon dog waterer can serve as an easy water source. For the best results place the hive in an area that receives two to four hours of sunlight daily. During the summer a shady spot is beneficial for the bees so it's best to place it somewhere where it is shaded.

To begin beekeeping it's crucial to carefully observe the hives and learn everything they need. Set aside some time each day to sit in the hive yard and observe the bees. Wear a bee veil bee brushes and leather gloves while observing the hive. Set the bottom board of the hive on concrete blocks or bricks. You should also invest in an extractor which can be expensive. Consider getting a few other beekeepers together and renting a unit from someone who can use it.

If you're planning on installing your beehive soon you should first install a queen-less nucleus colony. When the queen has settled into the hive you can remove the queen cage and the nucleus box. The nucleus colony will then start circling the air above the hive. It will then follow the sun and find the honeycomb.

Grow More Food With a Potato Tower

If you want to grow more potatoes you can use a potato tower as your growing medium. This tool helps you cultivate more potatoes and grow them at a faster pace. Seed potatoes are potatoes that have been bred to be more productive. You can plant seed potatoes in full sun to promote top growth. Fertilize and water the plant after planting. After the seed potatoes sprout the next step is to put a thick layer of straw around the pipe.

Seed potatoes are full-size potatoes bred for the purpose of growing more potatoes

Seed potatoes are small tubers that are produced within a potato plant's root system and give rise to new tubers when the daughter plant is established. These plants are an important part of the potato industry and produce a substantial portion of the world's fourth largest food crop. The reason that seed potatoes are small is simple: they're more practical to grow. Large potatoes however are not suitable for seeding as they're typically grown for eating.

Some seed potatoes are available at home improvement stores department stores and local nursery and landscaping retailers. Many home improvement stores carry seed potatoes from national distributors. However buying potatoes from grocery stores is not recommended because they won't be certified seed potatoes and could result in soil disease outbreaks. Seed potatoes can cost no more than regular-size potatoes and the price of these varieties is not significant. The only drawback to purchasing seed potatoes is that you may have to deal with sprouts in the early stages of planting.

To grow seed potatoes in your garden you must choose the proper site for planting. Choose an area in your garden with a sunny climate as this will maximize the growth of the plants. Select a location with sufficient moisture and six hours of sun for your potatoes to grow. Ensure that the area has good drainage as deep planting can lead to a reduced harvest. If you choose this method remember to rotate the crops to prevent the soil from drying out.

Depending on the variety of seed potatoes different varieties have different Days to Maturity. You can easily tell the date of harvesting a seed potato crop by identifying its variety and digging around the area. By day 60 new potatoes will be present. They will be small and fragile. However you may want to harvest these as well. By 90 days most varieties will produce edible tubers.

Plant potatoes in full sun to bolster top growth

When planting potatoes select a location with a lot of sunlight. These plants can tolerate higher temperatures but green growth requires a temperature range of 40-80 degrees Fahrenheit. In warmer climates they may need protection from the sun during the hotter part of the growing season. Water potatoes frequently but be careful not to overwater. Heat and humidity encourage the growth of bacteria. Water early in the morning and allow the foliage to dry during the day. A soaker hose can help provide slow moisture to the soil.

Mountain gardeners have the advantage of warm days and cool nights. Temperature differences during the day allow the potato plant to convert carbon dioxide to sugar which is stored during nighttime. High temperatures help produce higher-quality solids. They require less oil and have a better nutrient profile. This means that mountain gardeners will benefit from higher temperatures. A good way to prevent these pests is by rotating planting locations.

If you want to save some of your potatoes you can store them in a cool dry area until the cold months. They can keep for up to 2 weeks if stored correctly. After harvest keep potatoes away from sunlight. They will turn green when exposed to sunlight and this will reduce their shelf life. Potatoes will sprout again in the spring. However don't store potatoes in a refrigerator for too long. Refrigerated storage is too cold and will affect their texture.

Adding mulch to your garden soil is another effective way to improve potato plant health. It will also help keep your soil cool and weed-free. Plant potatoes in pots or grow bags instead of in the ground. The soil needs to be moist but ideally has ample organic matter. The soil should also be well-draining. Potatoes grow best in loose soil as they don't like heavy clay.

Fertilize

Once you have assembled your potato tower you'll need to plant the potatoes. Plant them four to six inches apart with their sprouts pointing outward toward the wire cylinder. You can either use rebar stakes or put in chicken manure fertilizer. Make sure that you get the correct spacing for your particular type of potatoes. Then fill the tower with straw building it up to around six to eight inches (15 to 20 cm).

When the tower is ready use a tarp over it to make the harvest easier. You can use a tarp to gently comb the soil and grab the potatoes. You can use this soil for making potato pancakes or cheesy scalloped potatoes and you can store the remainder in the root cellar. You can also make more potato towers using the tarp to grow more potatoes.

While this is a great method for small backyards it does have its flaws. Using too many potatoes will reduce yield and burying the stems will prevent proper nourishment for the roots. Fertilize a potato tower to grow more food by following the steps listed above. You'll have an easier time harvesting your potatoes if they are in a tower instead of in the ground.

One alternative way to maximize yard space is to plant potatoes in a potato tower. This method will allow you to plant more potatoes without having to dig them and use up valuable garden space. It's also possible to use the tower to grow flowers and other low-growing companion plants. After all potatoes produce tubers only when the soil is cool so if the tower is too crowded the plants won't grow as tall as they should and won't produce as many potatoes.

Water

Growing potatoes in a tower is a good idea but it isn't a perfect solution. Potatoes that grow in a tower don't produce enough tubers to make them useful for food. This is an obvious flaw of the tower system and it isn't a problem to solve it so we'll discuss some alternatives in this article. One of the biggest problems with a tower system is that it removes the leaves from the plant when it needs water. This leaves it with few or no food production.

If you're worried about mosquitoes soak the tower every week. This will also prevent mosquitoes from feeding on the potatoes. Water is essential for potatoes. Potatoes can never have enough water. However if they're left in the light for more than two days they'll become green bitter or poisonous. If you'd like to keep your tower from being full of weeds and mosquitoes leave gaps in the tower.

A potato tower can be made from chicken wire and straw. It should be about four to five square feet in size. A good wire fence will be about four feet high and two to three feet in diameter. Then fill the tower with straw or soil and plant your potatoes. Make sure the straw is six inches thick. You can use a potato tower to grow vegetables and herbs as well. These plants love water and they need plenty of it to grow healthy.

After preparing the soil for the potato tower plant seed potatoes. The seed potatoes should be spaced at least three to four inches apart and six inches from the top of the tower. Depending on the variety you can plant organic blue potatoes. You can repeat the process until the entire tower is full. Remember to water them thoroughly and adjust the watering based on rainfall. If the weather is hot or dry you may need to adjust the watering schedule accordingly.

Harvest damaged potatoes

To grow your own potatoes you can create a tower by using wire fencing soil or straw. Make sure to choose a sturdy wire fence that is at least four feet tall and has a diameter of two to three feet. Next plant the potato seeds. Make sure to cover them with dirt and water weekly. You can also plant organic blue potatoes in a potato tower. After they have sprouted harvest them.

To make a potato tower plant a total of 12 to 24 seed potatoes about six inches apart three to four inches away from each other. This will give the plants enough room to grow and prevent frost damage. Fill the potato tower with soil straw and more seed potatoes allowing the tower to reach a height of about two to three feet. Potatoes may become damaged as they grow but they will still yield a good yield.

To harvest the potatoes first remove the tower. If you don't want to tear apart the tower stack cinder blocks or tires so that each level is four or five inches high. Then use a tarp or layer of newspaper to protect your floor from soil. Afterwards grab the potatoes and use them for potato pancakes or cheesy scalloped potatoes. Potatoes may also be stored in a root cellar to keep fresh.

To build a potato tower first prepare the soil. Using wire fencing you can build a cylinder out of the wire. Make sure to use chopped straw for the best results. It is easier to work with chopped straw than uncut. You will also need a small amount of soil to fill the tower. You should select potatoes with lots of eyes to plant. Alternatively you can plant potatoes that have a small eye which will be the seeds for the tower.